Iranian Airways Company was founded in May 1944 and operated its first passenger flight right after World War II from Tehran to holy city of Mashhad. The airline also had weekly freight services to Europe and its fleet consisted of DC-3s, DC-4s, and Viscounts. Within a period of 17 years (1945-1962) the company developed into a major domestic airline with a few international flights per week. In 1954 a second private airline, Persian Air Services was formed. Initially it operated only freight services to Europe, but in 1960 it commenced passenger flights to several European destinations using leased equipment. The geographical situation of Iran with its expanding spacious levels, relative remoteness of crowded areas from each other, lack of adequate means of transportation (railways and roads), the need to initiate safe and fast connections, and lack of an orderly equipment with high capacity to revive mutual aviation rights with other countries as well as securing more welfare and comfort for Iranians led to a ratification by the board of ministers to establish a national airline corporation on February 10th, 1961. Following that, on February 24th 1961, both Iranian Airways and Pars Airways merged to form a new airline as IranAir with the acronyms of HOMA, a griffin of Persian mythology which symbolizes the mythical Bird of Happiness. IranAir, the first airline to order and operate Boeing 747SP in the world, having the mission of obviating the domestic aviation transportation needs accompanied by observing the safety principles and forming transportation services with neighboring and countries in distance, officially commenced its activities in April 1962. Dating back to 1970’s, in a TV commercial about IranAir, a passenger says: “Let IranAir take you on a journey to adventure you will never forget – romantic, exciting, breathtaking Iran.” IranAir became a full member of IATA in 1964 and is now flying to 28 international and 26 domestic routes as an IOSA registered airline.